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Progress

Sustainability.is
Figure 1. Average unemployment rate in East Iceland, Capital area, other area and in Iceland total 2000 -2019

 

Updated: May 18, 2020
Source: Directorate of Labor

Metrics, Targets and Monitoring Protocol

What is measured?

Unemployment rate in East Iceland and nationally. (Project effect: induced).

Monitoring protocol

The Directorate of Labor collects this information.

Target

Unemployment rate in East Iceland less than or equal to national rate.

Countermeasures

Not applicable, monitoring only.

Changes of indicator

This indicator was originally number 12.2. It was then named Unemployment  and can be found under that number in documents of the project from 2005 and 2006.

The indicator number has been changed twice.

Table 1. Changes to name and number of indicator
Year Nr. Indicator name
2020 3.4.3 Unemployment 
2007 1.13 Unemployment 

Baseline

Sustainability.is
Figure 2. Unemployment in Iceland and East Iceland 1980-2004.

Rationale for Indicator Selection

Long term unemployment can create various social and economic problems. Therefore, communities try to avoid long periods with high unemployment rates since such conditions are not sustainable. The new jobs created by the projects will change the employment market in East Iceland and could influence unemployment rates in the area. However, it is not obvious what the effects will be since more jobs will not automatically lead to a lower unemployment rate. In the past, a stagnant job market in East Iceland has resulted in people moving away to areas where there were more jobs, rather than staying unemployed. Also, a gender imbalance in the types of jobs created by the projects (both direct and indirect jobs) could result in an increase in unemployment rates.

From phase I/II report on indicators and baseline from April 2005