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Results on population are from January 1 each year.



Figure 1. Population pyramids for East Iceland (Múlaþing, Fjarðabyggð, Fljótsdalshreppur, and Vopnafjarðarhreppur) January 1, 2024.



Figure 2. Population pyramids for the whole of Iceland on January 1, 2024.

Click here to view population pyramids for East Iceland and the whole of Iceland from 2003 to 2024.

Raw data in Excel sheet.

Age- and gender distribution in villages
Figure 3. Population pyramid for 690 Vopnafjörður. January 1, 2024.
Figure 4. Population pyramid for 700 Egilsstaðir. January 1, 2024.
Figure 5. Population pyramid for 710 Seyðisfjörður. January 1, 2024.
Figure 6. Population pyramid for 720 Borgarfjörður. January 1, 2024.
Figure 7. Population pyramid for 730 Reyðarfjörður. January 1, 2024.
Figure 8. Population pyramid for 735 Eskifjörður. January 1, 2024
Figure 9. Population pyramid for 740 Neskaupstaður. January 1, 2024
Figure 10. Population pyramid for 750 Fáskrúðsfjörður. January 1, 2024
Figure 11. Population pyramid for 755 Stöðvarfjörður. January 1, 2024
Figure 12. Population pyramid for 760 Breiðdalsvík. January 1, 2024

Figure 13. Population pyramid for 765 Djúpivogur. January 1, 2024

Click here to view age- and gender distribution in villages from 2004, 2009, 2014, and 2019.

Raw data in Excel sheet.

Updated: May 30, 2024
Source: Statistics Iceland (2024).

Metrics, Targets and Monitoring Protocol

What is measured?

Gender and age structure in East Iceland compared to National population. (Project effect: induced).

Monitoring Protocol

Information from Statistics Iceland will be analyzed further by breaking it down according to age and sex in East Iceland. Information is sought from the Icelandic Regional Development Institute, or an employee will be assigned to gather the data. This information will be collected every five years.


Balanced age structure and sex ratio in East Iceland relative to national age distribution with a regression coefficient (r²) = 1.0

Possible countermeasures

Not applicable, monitoring only.

Changes of indicator

This indicator was initially number 1.1. It was then named Demographics in East Iceland and can be found under that number in the project documents from 2005 and 2006.

The indicator number has been changed twice.

Table 1. Changes to name and number of indicator
Year Nr. Indicator name
2020 1.1.2 Gender and age structure
2007 1.11a Demographics in Eastern Iceland

Since data collection began for this indicator, municipalities have merged, and others have dropped out of calculations for East Iceland. In June 2021, those figures were updated according to new figures from Statistics Iceland, and the indicator was recalculated in its entirety.


The Institute for Regional Development publishes data showing demographic trends in East Iceland (Central East Region) and Iceland. These offer persistently higher levels of outmigration from East Iceland, especially for young women. This has led to an unbalanced age structure and sex ratio in local communities. The proportion of women 20-34 years old and men 25-34 years old in East Iceland is lower than in Iceland. The ratio of children in East Iceland is also lower than the national average.

Figure 3. Age distribution of men and women in the Central East region and Iceland.


Revised: July 9, 2021
Statistics Iceland (2021).

Raw data in Excel sheet.

Rationale for Indicator Selection

Gender and age-balanced communities are an indicator of a stable society. The gender and age structure of many communities in East Iceland has been affected by the “pull” effect of economic growth and associated employment opportunities in the capital Region in and around Reykjavík.

From phase I/II report on indicators and baseline from April 2005

Further reading

1.1.2 - Gender and age structure in East Iceland, compared to the country as a whole 2003-2024

1.1.2 - Gender and age structure in East Iceland, compared to the country as a whole 2003-2024


Annual population development by age and gender in East Iceland and Iceland

You can view more material related to the indicator by clicking on the link above.